A. Mertens, "Who was a Christian in the Holy Land?" - Encyclopedia

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Ibelins. Family of Crusaders. The 'Castle of Mirabel’ (Migdal Aphek) belonged first to the Hierges family and later to the lbelins.

Iberian = Georgian.

Icelia, pious woman who built a church at Bir el Qadismu. In the church, built by Icelia, St. Theodosius administered, before he left for the grotto east of Bethlehem, about 460. - Is lcelia the same woman as Flavia?

Ida of Boulogne, Blessed, saintly noblewoman. Born at Bouillon (Belgium), round 1040, died April 13, 1113. Her feast is on April 13. Ida, daughter of Duke Godfrey II of Lower Lorraine, and niece of Pope Stephen IX, married Eustace II, Count of Boulogne, round 1057. Ida was the mother of Godfrey of Bouillon and of King Baldwin I of Jerusalem. The AA.SS. mention that Ida had a vision about the conquest of Jerusalem in 1099. (AA.SS. April 13)

Ignatius is the name of the Child placed by Jesus in the midst of the apostles. (Mark 9, 36)

Ignatius of Antioch. (Greek liturgy Dec 20) He is known as Theophorus 'the God-bearer', he is celebrated for seven letters. Probably of Syrian origin, legend identified him with the child (Ignatius) whom Christ set down among His disciples (Mt 18, 1-6). - Ignatius became the second or third bishop of Antioch. He was sentenced to death and sent to Rome to be thrown to wild beasts at the public games. He died in 107.

Ignatius of Loyola, St. founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) Born Casa Torre of Loyola (Spain), died Rome July 31, 1566. Feast July 31 in Mart. Rom. - Ignatius left Manresa (Spain) toward the end of February 1523, and after many delays landed at Jaffa on Sept 1, 1523, with a party of pilgrims. The hostility of the Turks prevented fulfillment of his original plan to remain in the Holy Land and so he returned to Europe and began a program of study. Ignatius obtained his Master of Arts degree at Paris in 1534, and on August 15 of that year, he vowed to live in poverty and chastity and to go to the Holy Land. It was determined that, if this journey became impossible, his group would offer itself to the apostolic service of the Pope. When the war between Venice and the Turkish Empire prevented their pilgrimage, they placed themselves in the hands of Pope Paul III in 1538. - Ignatius was imprisoned by the Franciscans in 1523, because he had come to the Holy Land without 'the permission of the Pope'. The so-called 'Prison of St. Ignatius' in St. Saviour (a cave in the rock) never saw Ignatius, as he visited the Holy Land in 1523, before the Franciscans were in St. Saviour. - Ignatius was able to see twice the imprint of the foot of Jesus in the shrine of the Ascension on the Mount of Olives. Ignatius gave the first time the pocket-knife of his writing case, and the second time the pair of scissors to the Muslim guard of the shrine. - The Jesuits direct 'Pontifical Biblical Institute' Rehov P. Emile Botta, West Jerusalem. It was built in 1924-27.

Ignatius of Malo, servant of God. He was president in the Franciscan Convent near the Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre; he died in Larnaca (Cyprus) on June 24, 1686.

Ignatius of Smolensk. He mentions (1390) a part of the column of the Flagellation in the Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre.

Ikelia = Icelia.

Ilgyrus. He was magister militum (training master of the soldiers) of Bohemund I round 1106. (Eadmerus, Hist. novorum, 1, IV, c. II, n. 28) He is mentioned in AA.SS. on April 21.

Illidius: see Allyre of Clermont.

Illuminatus of Rieti, Blessed. (May 5) He was the companion of St. Francis on his journey (round 1218-1220) to Damietta and to Acre. Illuminatus died in 1266. He is buried in Assisi.

Indiction. Indiction is a cycle of 15 years. The beginning of the indiction, or crown of the year, or crown of the turning of the year was remembered by the Georgian liturgy on Sept 1. The first indiction began in 312 under Constantine the Great, on Sept 1. - The Roman church followed other dates, according to the countries Jan 1, Dec 25, March 25.

Innocent, anchoret. He founded around 385 on the Mount of Olives a martyrion, which was destined to receive the relics of John the Baptist. On Sept 29 was there the feast of John the Baptist and of Elijah and Eliseus, two prophets. - The Russian Church with its seven-storied bell tower is dedicated to John the Baptist. It was built between 1870 and 1887. East of the church is a chapel with a mosaic. It has an Armenian inscription: 'This is the tomb of Blessed Susanna, the mother of Artavan, September 18'. In the mosaic is a hollow, where according to a document on the wall, the head of John the Baptist was discovered. Beneath the mosaic there is a sepulchral chamber. - The feast of John the Baptist in 'the monastery of the priest Innocent' is mentioned in the Kalendarium Hierosolymitanum (7th/8th century) on Sept 29.

Innocent Bizzari. He was born in Rome in 1633; he entered the Franciscan Order in 1652, and went to Palestine in 1658. He travelled to Cairo and apostatized to Islam. After six days he repented. The Belgian consul and the Franciscan Superior counselled him to flee. But he presented himself to the cadi (= judge) and was imprisoned. He was beheaded at Cairo on March 19, 1662.

Innocents Holy (Dec 28 in Mart. Rom.) In the church of St. Catherine alongside the wall on the right side, a staircase descends to grottoes which are under the northern aisle of the Basilica of the Nativity. The altar of St. Joseph stands on a platform. Under this platform were Christian tombs. On the left side is another grotto. It is dedicated to the Holy Innocents. The boys under two years were murdered by King Herod the Great to eliminate the 'new born king of the Jews' - The daily procession of the Franciscans starts from their church of St. Catherine. It visits in the Basilica the place of the birth, the site of the Manger, the altar of the Magi, and proceeds through a door (of which only the Franciscan sacristan has the key) at the back of the corridor to the grottoes. The hymns praise Joseph as a descendant of David. The hymn 'Salvete, flores Martyrum (Hail, o flowers, martyrs) honours the Innocents. The procession goes in adjacent grottoes to the cell of St. Jerome, to his tomb, to the opposite tombs of SS. Paula and Eustochium, to the tomb of S. Eusebius, abbot of Bethlehem. The procession mounts the staircase to the Church of St. Catherine, where it ends. Duration of the daily procession is 30 minutes.

Innocents: on the 3rd Thursday after Easter. In the lectionary of Latal and in the lectionary of Paris.

I.N.R.I.: These tour initials stand for the four Latin words Jesus Nazarenus Rex Judaeorum (Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews) (Compare: Titulus Crucis).

Irena, St. The Palestinian-Georgian calendar mentions her in the Anastasis-Church on Oct 21. On the same Oct 21, the same calendar mentions Pax, St. Irene is the Greek translation of the Latin Pax (peace). There is a virgin, Salaphta, which means in Greek lrene (Peace). Her baptism and her life in the monastery were described in the life of Porphyrius of Gaza.

Irenaeus, episcopus Gazae, 393. Feast Dec 16. (AA.SS.)

Irenion, St., bishop of Gaza. (Memory Dec 13 in Mart. Rom.)

Isaac de Valenciennes, Jonckheer. He was seigneur (seignior) of the villages Ittre and Braine le Château in Braband (Belgium). He partake in the first Crusade (1096-1099). After his return he erected a chapel in honour of the Virgin Mary, who had protected him against the Saracens. This chapel becomes Notre Dame d'ittre in 1326. There exists in Belgium a castle, château Bois-Seigneur-lsaac, and also an abbey.

Isaac, patriarch of Jerusalem (601-609) compare Gregory the Great.

Isaac, patriarch. He is commemorated on March 27, his feast is on August 22. The mention on March 27 is in relation with the Passion of Christ, which, according to an old tradition, was remembered on March 25. Since the 4th century, a tradition localized the sacrifice of Isaac on Golgotha. The martyrologium of Rabban Sliba recalled on the Tuesday after Easter the patriarchs Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. On the southern (= the latin) part of Calvary, in a vaulted apse is represented Abraham with Isaac and with the Angel who forbids the sacrifice the ram in the bush is on the left side.

Isaac and Jacob, the patriarchs they are venerated on Golgotha on March 27, Aug 21 and Aug 22.

Isaac the Samaritan. In the Ethiopian Synaxarium, he is venerated on Maskaram 17. (first month, Sept 8-Oct 7). lsaac the Samaritan found that the water in his own waterskin was stinking. He came to Saint Odokis (= Eudoxius) the priest, who made the water of a well sweet. There appeared over that well a cross of light and they built there a church. When Isaac came to the city of Jerusalem, he was baptized. The Holy Cross appeared to him and to the men of his house on the tenth day of Megabit, but as they were unable to celebrate a festival in its honour during a fast, they celebrated its festival on the day of the consecration of the church, which was the seventeenth day of Maskaram, the day of its appearance in the Holy Tomb.

Isaac who lived in the city of Gaza, and the righteous men who were in Dabra' Ash are saluted in the Ethiopian Synaxarium on 5th Hamle (=the eleventh month, July 5-Aug 3).

Isaakius, servant of Alexandra, the wife of Emperor Diocletian. Isaakius suffered martyrdom, together with Alexandra. (G reeks: April 21).

Isaiah, St., major prophet to whom the book of Isaiah is attributed. Feast July 6 in Mart. Rom. Particular feast of the Latin Patriarchate. - Isaiah lived in Jerusalem, his prophetic activity extended at least from 742 to 701 BC. Two sons, Shear-Jashub and Maher-Shalal-Hashbaz, are mentioned in his book. The 'Martyrdom of Isaiah' is an apocryphal book; it says that Isaiah was sawn asunder in the reign of king Manasseh (687-642 BC). A tomb of Isaiah was venerated near the Pool of Siloam in the valley of Kidron (J. Jeremias, Heiligengraber in Jesu Umwelt, 1958, S. 77-80) - The book of Isaiah contains 'the book of Emmanuel’(is 6, 1 till 9, 6) with the sign of Emmanuel (is 7, 18-25) against the policy of King Ahaz, who seeks the help of Assyria. - The Palestinian-Georgian calendar has on May 5: memory, in the building of Blessed Bassa, of Isaiah the prophet, of Menas and Phocas. The Melkite liturgy has the memory of Isaiah on May 9, together with the martyr St. Christophorus.

Isaiah in 'the Foundation of Melania' commemorated on July 6, according to the lectionary of Paris.

Tomb of Prophet Isaiah. In the centre of the village of Silwan (Siloe) on its west slope is a little oratory. It belongs to the Franciscans. The property contains 3 tombs. The largest one (the oratory) is dedicated to the prophet Isaiah. A modern Greek inscription, cut in the rock before 1889, mentions: 'This is the place of the prophet Isaiah'. The Franciscans acquired the property in 1889. The key is in the Convent of St. Saviour. - An ancient tradition places the grave of Prophet Isaiah in the valley of Josaphat.

Place of Martyrdom of Prophet Isaiah: South of the pool of Siloe at the foot of the Ophel-hill is a place that is called Birket al Hamra (the Red Bassin). At the southeast angle of the Birket al Hamra (which is now a garden) is a hillock with an old mulberry tree at the top. This hillock, named Tell el Minshar (hill of the saw) marks the traditional place of the martyrdom. An ancient legend has that the prophet Isaiah was sawn asunder with a wooden saw, on order of king Manasseh (687-642 BC).

Isaias, martyr, born in Alexandria. He was beheaded in Caesarea, Palestine, in 309, under Emperor Galerius (305-311), together with Elias, Jeremias, Samuel, and Daniel. (Feast Feb 16).

Isaias, monk of Palestine (died 491). He has given one half of his mantle to a poor monk. (P. Devos, Le manteau partagé, un thème hagiographique en trois de ses variantes, dans 'Analecta Bollandiana, 1975, T. XCIII, p. 157-165)

Isidore, hegumen of the laura of St. Firmin (6th century).

Isidore, martyr. In the village of Gebali, is the commemoration of Isidore, Nov 4 in the Georgian calendar. To be identified with Isidore, hegumen?

Isidore of Alexandria. (Feb 4) Theophilus, bishop of Alexandria sent his priest, Isidore of Alexandria, to John, bishop of Jerusalem with two letters: one for John, the bishop, and the second for Jerome in Bethlehem. Isidore handed the first letter over to John, but John forbade him to give the second letter to Jerome. Then Jerome omitted to answer to Theophilus. (Revue d'Histoire Ecclésiastique, vol. LXIX, 1974, p. 365-395) It was round 396.

Isidoro d'Oggione. (1606-1677) This Franciscan Father was missionar in the Holy Land.

Isitius. The pilgrim Antoninus Martyr mentions the tomb of St. Isitius, whose body lies there. Here also loaves are given to the poor and to pilgrims, according to the directions of the Blessed Helena. (PPTS 11 p. 22)

Iskander (=Alexander) bishop of Jerusalem. see: Praxius.

Ismido (Ismidus, episcopus Diensis). Round 1106 he came to Pales tine, according to AA.SS. Sept 28.

Issa. This Christian Arab received the keys of the Grotto of Annunciation in Nazareth from the Franciscans, when they left in 1548.

Italian Hospital in Jerusalem. It is situated to the north of the walled city. The Hospital was run by the Sisters of Cottolengo till 1948. After the War of Independence it was rented to the State of Israel.

Italian Memorial on Mount Scopus for the Italians who fell in Palestine in World War I (1914-1918): Santilli Giuseppe, Zerbini Giuseppe, etc... Their graves are close to the Memorial Chapel.

Italian Pilgrims. They came through Thessalonica to Palestine round 904. (AA.SS. Oct 8)

Ivo of Nazareth, Dominican, Blessed. Ivo of England was prior of the Province Terra Sancta, he was bishop of Nazareth in 1306(?). (Walz A., Compendium historiae Ordinis Praedicatorum) He died on Jan 31, 1250/1260. (Feast on Jan 31)

lyasenyu. In the Ethiopian Synaxarium, he is the father of Elias Zelotes (= Elijah the Prophet).

Studium Biblicum Franciscanum - Jerusalem
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