A. Mertens, "Who was a Christian in the Holy Land?" - Encyclopedia

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Daimbertus, first patriarch (1099-1107) of the Latin Patriarchate during the Crusades.

Dakima: name of the bridegroom at the wedding at Cana of Galilee. He was the son of Yuhan and the cousin of Nathanael. (Arabic Apocryphal Gospel of John). (See: Simon the Canaenite).

Dalidus: see Davinus.

Damascus: The Druses killed eight Franciscans at Damascus in 1860. The martyrs received the title of 'Blessed'on October 10, 1926. -Three brothers of the Maronite rite (Massabki) were also martyred.

Damian, the unmercenary physician: Damian was the son of Theodote and of a pagan father and the brother of Cosmas. Damian and Cosmas studied medicine and practised their profession without accepting money. Damian suffered martyrdom in Cyrrhus in Syria in the second part of the 3rd century. The Greek liturgy has his feast on July 1.

Damian of Valenza, Spain, martyr, Franciscan. He joined the Mission of the Holy Land. A ship brought him from Naples to Egypt. There he preached, and he was beheaded in 1535. The Franciscan Martyrology has his memory on August 2.

Dancing daughter of Herodias: Her name is not mentioned in the Gospel. Historical sources identify her as Salome. - The Syriac 'Book of the Bee' reports two traditions: one says that the daughter of Herodias was called Bôziyâ the other tradition tells that the daughter was called by her mother's name, Herodias.

Daniel: On Nov 10 in the Palestinian-Georgian calendar. He is not identified.

Daniel, martyr from Alexandria. (Feb 16) He was martyred in 309 at Caesarea, Palestine, under Emperor Galerius (305-311). He was beheaded together with Elias, Jeremias, Isaias, Samuel.

Daniel, hegumenos. He gives an account of the ceremony of the Holy Fire in 1107. It is clear from his narrative that the Greeks -also during this period of the Crusades - had charge of the Sepulchre itself. Daniel mentions that the Tomb was covered by a marble slab, but the fidels could see and kiss (by the hand) the sacred rock through. three circular apertures on the side. - Daniel mentions the little tower above the Edicule. The tower is surmounted by a cupola, which is covered by scales in gilded silver, and above the cupola was the silvern image of the Risen Christ, which was the work of the Franks. (The scaled cupola is represented on an Armenian tile, which is in the Chapel of Echmiadzin in the Armenian Church of St. James in Jerusalem. Exact copies of this tile can be purchased as souvenir in the Armenian Pottery, which is opposite the 6th Station in the Via Dolorosa)

Daniel, Mar Daniel, the Syrian of the city of Amed. Abba Dionysius, bishop of the city of Amed, taught him the books of the Church, and arrayed him in the garb of the monastic life. Salutation to Daniel who vowed that he would never look upon a woman. (Ethiopian Synaxarium, Ter 16)

Daniel, the Prophet: May 1; also Aug 25, Sept 4, Oct 15, July 22. In the Latin Martyrologies Daniel is on July 21. The Palestinian calendar has Daniel on Sept 4. The Melkite liturgy on Dec 17, together with the three companions: Ananias, Azarias and Misael. - The Ethiopian church has Daniel on March 19. - Khirbet Nebi Daniel lies 6 kms west of Salomon's Pools. It shows ruins of a mosque. East of Khirbet Nebi Daniel is Khirbet al Jamiah (ruin of the meeting) with a place nearby, that is called Keniseh (= meeting, church) (964 metres above the sea). Sixty metres lower is a hill, Alyah (the high). In this region David fled from the wrath of King Saul.

Daniel Stylita, St.: Round 450 he visited Palestine. (Vita S. Simeonis Stylitae, c. XI, n. 40-41) (AA.SS. Jan 5)

Danil: see Alphonsine, Sister.

Da Senorbi Antonio, Franciscan, died 1897. He built and repaired organs in the churches of the Holy Land.

Daude d'Aizon, vicar-general of the Diocèse of Nîmes, France. He founded in 1845 the Assumptionists or Augustinians of the Assumption (AA). In 1887 they came to Jerusalem. There they built the hostel Notre Dame, and the church St. Peter's in Gallicantu. -A live-size painting of the founder is in the Latin presbytery of Abud in Palestine.

David, saint, King of Jerusalem. His feast is on Dec 29 in Mart. Rom. David was the son of Jesse of Bethlehem, and the successor of Saul the king. The Gospels express the Jewish conviction that the Messiah must be the son of David. This honorific title was given by the people to Jesus during the reception with palms before His death. Neither the High-priest, nor Pilate accused Jesus of the title 'Son of David'. Jesus was a descendant of David by the legal marriage of his mother Mary with Joseph. The Bethlehem origin obliged Joseph to come from Nazareth to Bethlehem for an enrolment. The Palestinian-Georgian calendar has David on Dec 26. The Armenian lectionary from 4641468 mentions on Dec 25: the feast of David and of Jacobus, with a synaxis on Mount Sion.

David's Cisterns (Arabic Biar Daoud): On the left of the highway that leads out of the centre of Bethlehem to Jerusalem, near St. Joseph's Church of the Syrian Catholics, there are three large cisterns in a park. The bible speaks of them (2 Sam. 23, 15-17): three warriors broke through the Philistine lines and drew water from the cistern that is by the gate of Bethlehem. But when they brought the water to David, he poured it out to the Lord, saying: 'The Lord forbid that 1 drink it. Can 1 drink the blood of these men who went at the risk of their lives?'

Tomb of David on Mount Sion: The Kalendarium Eccl. Hierosolymitanae (7th/8th century) relates on Mount Sion a memory of David and of James, the brother of the Lord, on Dec 26; and on Dec 27 in the diaconicon (= sacristy) the memorial of Stephen. The Vita S. Helenae et Constantini (10/11th century) mentions a tomb of David in the diaconicon. Raymond of Aguilers who took part in the occupation of Jerusalem by the Crusaders in 1099 mentions the tomb of David on Mount Sion, and the tomb of Salomon, and the tomb of Stephen the first martyr. The Jewish traveller, Benjamin of Tudela, visits Jerusalem in 1167. He tells that 15 years before his arrival the tomb of David and the tomb of Salomon has been discovered on Mount Sion. At the time of the conquest of Jerusalem by Saladin (1187) the convent and the church on Mount Sion were surrounded in 1192 by a wall. In 1219 this wall was partly destroyed on order of the sultan of Damascus. The Moslems in 1452 demolished a newly repaired chapel above the tomb of David; the Franciscans restored a chapel above the tomb, but in 1460 the Moslems destroyed this Chapel of the Holy Ghost above the venerated tomb. The Franciscans rebuilt again, but the Moslems again destroyed in 1468.

Tomb of David and its two niches: According to a procès verbal of 1490 (hegira 895) there are in the Tomb of David two niches. One is in the direction (qiblah) to the South, towards Mecca. This niche (mihrab) originated from the time of Sultan Malik as Zahir Gaqmaq (842-857 hegira = 1438-1453, probably from hegira 856 (1452 CE). The second niche is in the subterranean chamber, and is directed to the Dome of the Rock of Jerusalem.

Tower of David: Beside the Jaffa Gate at Jerusalem, is the structure, called the Citadel (El Qalaah). It is also named Tower of David. Here King Herod the Great resided when the Magi came to enquire about the newborn king of the Jews. The Magi went to Bethlehem, they did not return to Herod but departed by another way (Mt 2, 113). Herod then killed the boys under two years in Bethlehem and in all the region. -Sépéos, Armenian bishop, tells that the Persians in 614 occupied the 'tower of David'. A monk of St. Sabas was taken prisoner by the Persians. The monk mentioned an oratory (mihrab) of king David in the fortress. (Clermont-Ganneau, Rec. d'arch. or. 11, 160) - In St. George, outside the Tower of David, dedication: Nov 23 in the Palestinian-Georgian calendar. - Was this sanctuary perhaps a church outside the Jaffa Gate? or a gerocomion(= house for aged people), founded by the Empress Eudocia, outside Jerusalem, where there was a sanctuary of St. George?

Unction of David (and Salomon): Pilgrims of the 5th and 6th centuries mention as relics the horn of oil for the unction of David and of Salomon.

David, St., archiepiscopus Menevensis, Teliaei et Paterni. In 518 in Palestine. (Vita S. Davidis, c. IV, n. 13-15; Vita S. Teliaei, c. II, n. 6-9; Vita S. Paterni, auct. Joh. Timmonthensi) (AA.SS. March 1; Feb 9; April 15)

David Garedjiensis, St., round 494. 513 in Palestine. Martyrologium graeco-slav., sub die 31 Mart. - In AA.SS. he is mentioned in October.

David, an Armenian bishop. He has his burial-site (1321) at the right-hand pillar in the Saint James Cathedral of the Armenians in Jerusalem.

David, a king of Ethiopia. He is commemorated by the Ethiopian Synaxarium on Tekemt 9.

David Novaretto of Vigone in Italy, Franciscan. He was born in 1826; he came to the Holy Land in 1857. He died at Nazareth, in 1894 on March 5.

Davinus (Dalidus) Peregrinus, the Armenian. He was a pilgrim (feast June 3), born in Armenia. He made a pilgrimage (to Jerusalem) and carried a cross on his shoulder. He died in 1050 in the convent S. Michele in Foro St. Lucca. (Vita S. Davini, c. I, n. 3) (AA.SS. June 3)

Davis Garry, self-styled citizen of the World. Davis, who gave up his U.S. citizenship in 1948, described himself as world coordinator of the World Service Authority, a group with headquarters in Basel. Davis had refused to claim citizenship of any country. On June 13, 1976 he was denied entry by Israel. He was permitted to enter Israel as a stateless person on Tuesday, Jan 11, 1977. (55 years)

Deborah, prophetess. She lived in the hill country of Ephraim between Ramah and Bethel. She summoned Barak and in the name of Jahweh ordered him to assemble 10, 000 men from Zebulon and Nephtali near Mount Tabor. This army destroyed the troops of king Sisera. Deborah is mentioned among the 'Just of the Old Testament' on the first Sunday of Advent in the Eastern Church.

De Cock Jan. (round 1520) The sculpture 'The Flight into Egypt' (a replica of De Cock) is along the entrance-staircase in the Grotto of Milk in Bethlehem. De Cock Jan was a sculptor from the Netherlands. - The Franciscans were at of the Grotto of Nativity in 1347, and a little later at the Grotto of Milk. The present building around the Grotto of Milk is from 1872.

De Contenson Pierre, Dominican Father. This nobleman was the son of a French general. He spent four years in a German prisoner of war camp before taking his ordination as a priest. In 1973 he joined the Vatican Secretariat for promoting Christian Unity. In 1975 he was appointed the head of the Secretariat of the Vatican Commission for religious relations with the Jews. He died in Rome in July, 1976. An eulogy and a funeral service in his memory were held in Jerusalem on Thursday, July 15, 1976.

Delmadius (or Yelmadiyos) of Gaza, martyr. The Ethiopian Synaxarium salutes him on Yakatit 25.

de Mello, Portuguese lady. She bought from the St. Joseph's Sisters the house of Miss Mellon, that was in front to the north of the Franciscan property 'Dominus Flevit' on the Mount of Olives.

Demetrius, St. Feb 13 according to the Palestinian-Georgian calendar. - The Convent of St. Demetrius is at the west end of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate in the Old City of Jerusalem, in Demetrius Street.

Deodat de Rodez (France), St. Franciscan, martyr in Jerusalem in 1391. He was canonized by Pope Paul VI on June 21, 1970. Feast on Dec 5.

De Rochechouart Louis (1461). He mentions at El Qubeibeh (Emmaus) the ruins of a church.

De Saint Criq Mlle. This lady of France bought in 1880 the ruins of a church at Amwas (the Biblical Emmaus?). The ruins are near the Convent of the Betharram Fathers. Mile de Saint Criq ordered Capitaine Guillemot to explore the ruins.

de Saulcy F. French archaeologist. He cleared in 1863 and in 1865 the Tombs of the Kings. The site is north of the walls of Jerusalem. The area belongs to the French Government.

Desitheus. He was a monk at the monastery of Gaza in the 6th century, under hegumenos Seridus.

De Thevenot. He visited Palestine in 1658 and he wrote: 'Relation d'un voyage fait au Levant'.

Deuterarius: see Comitas.

de Vaux Roland, Dominican Father. He was born at Paris, Dec 17, 1903. After his ordination as a priest, he joined the Dominican Order in 1930. In 1933 he came to the Ecole Biblique et Archéologique Française de Jérusalem. There he acted as a professor, till his death on Sept 10, 1971.

Dickie A. C. Together with Bliss F. J. he explored from 1894 to 1897 the remains of the Byzantine Siloam Church over the Siloam Pool in Jerusalem.

Didymus, surname of Thomas, the Apostle. His feast was on Dec 21 in the Latin church; (now it is on July 3). The Greek church has the feast on Oct 6.

Diederich of Alsatia, Count. Debarked in 1139 in the Middle East He brought in 1148 a linen with Blood of Christ to Brugge in Flanders. Therefore the Procession of the Holy Blood was instituted The procession is every year on Ascension-day, in Brugge.

Diego da Pomarico, lay brother, servant of God, martyr. After 12 years of life in the Franciscan Order, he received permission to join the Mission of the Holy Land. He was in a Franciscan hospice or Mount Lebanon. Being rebuked by his superior, he fled to Saida and apostatized to Islam. He repented and began to insult the Moslem religion. He was beheaded in Saida, Lebanon, July 16, 1693.

Diego Stoppolini, servant of God, franciscan. He was born in Montebaroccio, Italy; after three years of service in the Holy Land h(returned to Ancona. He died on Feb 20, 1753.

Dierick van Paesschen, Rutgeertssone. He was born in Kieve. From 1510 to 1520 he organized three sailings from Antwerp to Jaffa. 11 1517 he ordered a new ship. The new ship had the name 'Salvator which was also the name of his first ship. In April 1518 he set sail to Jaffa. At the arrival in Jaffa, he and his passengers were arrested. They had to ransom themselves. At their return at Antwerp, the 'Salvator' was confiscated. The ship was sold in 1521 by the municipality to a merchant of Genoa.

Dietmar: see Thiemo of Salzburg.

Dietrich the Second of Wied (Germany): He was archbishop of Trier. Probably he pilgrimated to the Holy Land. As tradition relates, he renamed the 'Castellum Humbacense' Montabaur, in souvenir to Mount Tabor. This renaming happened at the beginning of the 13th century. Castellum Humbacense is mentioned for the first time in 959. Montabaur is situated on the right of the Autobahn from Köln to Frankfurt. The church of Montabaur has two towers. Also the old church on Mount Tabor had two towers. The new church (built on Tabor in 1924) has also two towers.

Diodore of Perge, martyr. (Feb 26) He suffered martyrdom, together with Papias and Claudianos, in Pamphylia under Decius (248-251). The Byzantine church in Palestine venerates the three martyrs on Jan 31 and on Feb 4.

Diodorus, Sanctus, bishop of Caesarea, Palestine. Without year, 2nd/3rd century. His feast is on Dec 1 in AA.SS.

Dionysios (Dionysius), St., martyr in Caesarea, Palestine, 304 memory March 24.

Dionysius, Areopagite, hieromartyr. The Roman Martyrology has his feast on October 9; the Eastern churches on Oct 3. He was an Athenian, a member of the Areopagus, one of the few who accepted Christianity when Paul preached at Athens (Acts 17, 34). Tradition makes Dionysius the first bishop of Athens. A number of theological writings are attributed to him by the Fathers, none of which is earlier than the 4th or 5th century. In the writings the author calls himself 'Dionysius, the Elder' or 'Dionysius, the Presbyter'. He had witnessed the darkness of the sun at the death of Christ, and he witnessed the 'koimesis'(the sleeping = death) of Mary, the Mother of Christ. According to legends Dionysius was beheaded.

Dionysius of Ephesus, one of the seven sleepers. July 27 in the Roman liturgy; in the Byzantine church on Oct 22 and Aug 4.

Dionysius of Olympus in Greece. He was born in Platina, he joined the Meteora monastic community. He received the priesthood, then he went to Mount Athos and to Jerusalem. He returned to Mount Athos and was elected hegumen of Philotheou Monastery, but he fled when the Bulgar monks threatened to kill him. He went to Verria and from there to Olympus, where he built a monastery that bears his name. He died there, and he is buried in the Monastery of St. Dionysius of Olympus in the 15th century. The Greek liturgy has his feast on Jan 24.

Dionysius of Zalkyrithos, Dec 17 Greek liturgy. He was the son of a rich and noble father. As a youth he became a monk in the monastery of Strophaden. When he passed Athens on his way to Jerusalem, he was appointed bishop of Aegina. In 1589 he withdrew to the monastery of Anaphonitrias, on Zakynthos, where he ministered to the poor and healed the sick. He died in 1624.

Dios, St., confessor. He lived in Antioch, Syria, in the time of Emperor Theodosius the Great (379-395). He came to Constantinople, and founded there his famous monastery. Emperor Theodosius offered him finances for its construction. Against his will he was ordained a priest by the saintly bishop Atticus. Dios died in 431. The Melkite liturgy has his memory on July 19.

Dioscorus and Ammonius and companions. They visited Palestine round 400. (AA.SS. Sept 14)

Diotisalvi of Firenze. This Franciscan Father accompanied Teodorico, bishop of Ravenna, to Syria in 1234. (Salimbene 83)

Dismas, the penitent thief, memory March 25 in Mart. Rom. In the Byzantine church the memory is on March 23. - Dismas was venerated by the Franciscans (Torsy 111). - The Cistercian Abbey of Latrun stands on the ruins of a castle built by the Templars at the end of the 12th century. The castle was called 'Toron des Chevaliers' or Turro Militum, from which came el-Atrum, Latrun. Later on the site was interpreted as the home of the penitent thief (latro), and it was called Castrum Boni Latronis. Latrun is about 30 kms northwest of Jerusalem.

Dius 31st bishop of Jerusalem, at the end of 2nd century. (AA.SS.)

Dives: the Latin name given to the rich man in the parable of Lazarus (Lk 16, 19-31).

Doda. She was the first wife of Godfrey of Bouillon. (Vita S. Idae, auct. anonymo, c. I, n. 4; Vita ejusdem, auct. Joh. Gillemans, par. 2) (AA.SS. April 13)

Doepfner Julius, Cardinal and archbishop of Münich and Freising. He visited the Holy Land. He appreciated the Franciscan Custody. He died in July 1976.

Dolichianus 29th bishop of Jerusalem. He died 1195. (AA.SS.)

Dometius, St., Martyr (Melkite liturgy Aug 7). He lived in Persia, under Emperor Constantine the Great. He came to Nisibis on the frontier between Persia and the Roman empire; he entered a monastery, but he was expelled by the monks. Then he went to the monastery of Sergius and Bacchus in Theodosiopolis (Erzerouni) and became a disciple of the archimandrite Ourbel. He lived a certain period in an artificial grotto. As emperor Julian the Apostate (361-363) passed there, he was arrested. Dometius and his two disciples were stoned to death in 302.

Dometius, St., monk, wonderworker, healer. His feast was in the Church of the Resurrection on July 4 and July 5.

Dometius, St., Martyrium Dometh at Aemiliani. Their memory is on Aug 9 in the Palestinian-Georgian calendar.

Dometius: memory in the Anastasis Church on Nov 6, in the Palestinian-Georgian calendar. - Here is meant Dometius or Domninus or Domitius. Domitius was a disciple of St. Euthymius, and died on Jan 20, 473.

Dometius, martyr, and Paul, bishop and confessor: Nov 5 in the Georgian liturgy. Dometius died on Nov 8. Paul was bishop of Constantinople (340-350); Paul is remembered by the Greek synaxaries on Nov 6.

Dominic of St. Mark's in Florence. This Dominican Father executed in 1558 (not 1588) an altar which was intended for the Stone of Unction. Because the altar could not be placed there, it was placed on Calvary at the 12th Station (Latin part of Calvary). The six silverplated bronze panels represent scenes of the Passion.

Dominican Fathers: They were founded in the 13th century. The 'Vita B. Jordani, c. lX, n. 79 mentions the zeal of the Dominican Fathers (= FF. Praedicatorum) for the Holy Land, in the 13th century. (AA.SS. Feb 13) The ex-Dominican church St. Paul in Antwerpen has the Jerusalem Cross as emblem.

Dominican Guido: This archbishop of Nazareth (round 1270-1288) was indicated by Pope Nicholas IV.

Dominicus of Caleruega in Spain, founder of the Dominicans (Friars Preachers). He was born after 1170, he died at Bologna, Italy, on Aug 6, 1221. The liturgical reform moved his feast from Aug 4 to Aug 8. in Jerusalem on Aug 8 the Dominicans in their Convent of St. Stephen celebrate a solemn Mass. The celebration is presided by the Custos of the Franciscans. - The Dominican Order propagated the devotion to the Rosary with its 15 mysteries. The Dominicans run the Ecole Biblique et Archéologique FranÁaise.

Domitian, St. He lived in the laura of St. Euthymius (now Khan el Ahmar, the red caravanserail). He died in 473 on Jan 20, seven days after his master. (Vita Euthymii, ch. 41) - The Acta Sanctorum have Domitian, deacon, on Jan 27.

Domitius, Pelagia, Aquila, Eparch, Theodosius, Saints, martyrs. Their memory in Mart. Rom. is on March 23. They were martyred in Caesarea, Palestine.

Domitius: see Dometius.

Domnina of Syria, virgin. Her feast is on Feb 28 and on March 1. She was of noble birth, she lived in a hut inside the garden of her parents and was famous for her prayers and her fasting.

Domninus, martyr: Nov 5 in the Palestinian calendar. Domninus was burned alive on Nov 5, in the fifth year of the persecution by Maximianus (305-311) in Caesarea, Palestine. The Roman Martyrology mentions on November 5: Domninus, Theotimus, Philotheus, Silvanus and companions.

Donkey (Holy). According to legend, the donkey of Palmsunday was so disgusted at the Crucifixion on Good Friday that the beast shook the dust of Jerusalem off the hooves and walked away over the sea to Sicily. From Sicily the donkey reached Verona and ended the life. On Palm Sunday the deacon in Verona instead of ITE MISSA EST brayed three times on honour of the Holy Donkey.

Doria Andrea: Admiral and statesman, born at Oneglia, Italy, Nov 30, 1466; died at Genoa, Nov 25, 1560. He joined the Order of the Knights of St. John and made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. For many years he was a valuable naval adviser of Emperor Charles V. He achieved many successes against the Turks and pirates.

Dormitian: Cyril of Scythopolis (Beisan) tells that an Armenian party of pilgrims from Melitene, numbering 400, headed toward the River Jordan. On their way, they turned right to pay a visit to their compatriot, Euthymius. Dormitian, who was in charge of the proviand-cellar, was puzzled. Euthymius performed the miracle, known as 'multiplication of the bread'and fed the whole group.

Dorothea. Tombstone (found 1897) in Museum Flagellation.

Dorotheus of Emesa, martyr in Caesarea, Palestine, under Emperor Maximianus (305. 311). Feast on Nov 5; together with Domninus, Theotimus, Philotheus, Casterius and Silvanus of Emesa.

Dorotheus of Gaza. He was a monk of the convent of Seridon, near Gaza. He gave successful sermons to his monks on cenobitism and monastic virtues. His principal sources were Basil of Caesarea, and Evagrius Ponticus. Dorotheus died after 560.

Dorotheus of Tyrus, confessor. He lived during the reign of Diocletian (284-313), and served as bishop of Tyrus in Phoenicia. Because of the persecutions, he went to Dyssopolis in Thrace; later he returned to his diocese. In 361, at the time of Julian the Apostate (361-363), he left his diocese again and took refuge in Dyssopolis. Here he was imprisoned and tortured. He died in Dyssopolis in 362 at the age of hundred and seven years. - Falsely attributed to him are 'Synopsis of Dorotheus' (compilation on the prophets, the apostles, the 70 disciples) and 'Series of Byzantine bishops': the series should prove that the see of Byzantium is more than the see of Rome. The Greek liturgy has his feast on June 5; the Roman Martyrology also on June 5, but there Dorotheus is called 'presbyter' (priest). The AA.SS. call him episcopus Tyri (bishop of Tyre), and have his feast on June 5 and October 9.

Dorotheus, the presbyter, martyr. He refused to deny Christ and was arrested by Urbanus the Governor of Palestine. Finally he was thrown to the wild beasts and died during the reign of Emperor Maximianus (305-311). Dorotheus martyr is to be identified with Dorotheus of Emesa. The Greek liturgy has the feast of Dorotheus, the martyr, on November 5.

Dorymedon (in the Greek liturgy on Sept 19). Together with Savatius and Trophimus of Antioch, he suffered martyrdom in Antioch in 278 under Vicarius, the Governor of Antioch.

Dositheus, monk of the monastery of Seridon near Gaza. Feb 23. Died 530. (Acta Sanctorum). His 'Vita' in Greek, written by James the deacon, has a latin translation.

Dositheus, Greek patriarch (1669-1707) of Jerusalem. His 'Confession' was ratified in 1672 by the Council of Jerusalem (called also the council of Bethlehem). This 'Confession' refuted the Confession of Patriarch Cyril Lukaris (1572-1638) of Constantinople. Dositheus secured in 1675 a firman, giving to the Greeks exclusive rights on the Holy Sepulchre. This firman was withdrawn in 1690.

Doubdan. He writes in 1652: About 100 meters from the Franciscan convent at Nazareth, a little to the west, is Madraseh el Messiah, the school, the synagogue of the Messias. (3rd ed. in 1666)

Doublioul Joannes. He was born in Nivelles, Belgium, circa 1532. He died after 1602. In 1592 he sails from Venice to Tripoli (Lebanon). During 4 years he was chaplain of the French consul Jean Rheinerus (Regnier) at Tripoli. Doublioul is back in Europe in 1596. In 1599 at Cologne is printed his 'Hierosolymitanae peregrinationis Hodoeporicum'. After his return Doublioul left the Observants of his Order and he joined the Conventuals of his Order. (Benjamin De Troyer, 1974)

Doupuls: see Dupuls

Druses. The name Druse (al Daruz) is derived from a missionary of Persian origin, Muhammad lbn-Jsma'il al Darazi (tailor). He was a friend of the sixth Fatimid Caliph in Cairo, al Hakim (996-1021). The Druses name themselves al-Muwahhidun (unitarians), believers in one and only one God. Under their great emir Fakhr-ed-Din (1598-1634), the Druses settled in Palestine. Their largest village is Beit Jann (2800 inhabitants), 940 m. above sea-level, the highest village in Galilee. Beit Jann is on the slope of Mount Ha'ari. (1047 m.)

Dubois, Cardinal, French. He blessed on Jan 2, 1920 the first stone of a Basilica in honour of the Sacred Heart. This Basilica was promised by France for the victory in World War I (1914-18). Pope Benedict XV (1914-1922) asked that the Basilica should be built on the site of the rediscovered Eleona-Church (Pater Noster) on top of the Mount of Olives. This site belongs to the French Government. In 1923 Pope Pius XI (1922-1939) dedicated the construction to 'Peace among Nations and Peoples'. In 1940 Pope Pius XII (1939-1958) referred to the work as 'this sanctuary of Peace'. The construction is still unfinished.

Dunale (Greek liturgy: December 17). He was born of noble parents in the 10th century. As he wanted to become a monk, he went to Rome to visit the tombs of SS. Peter and Paul. There he was ordained by Pope Agapetus II. Later he proceeded to Constantinople, where he was received with honours by the Emperor Constantine VIl Porphyrogenitus, and then went to Jerusalem. He adopted the name Stephen and went to Egypt. There he was forced to speak against his faith. Moreover, he fell sick and he died without surrendering his faith.

Duncan I. G. Together with Macalister, he discovered in 1923/24 fragments of city-walls in the northern part of Jerusalem. These fragments, ascribed to Jebusite times, are apparently no earlier than Roman-Byzantine period (63 BC-638 CE).

Dupuis Jean, Crusader: A Crusader's Tombstone was discovered in Haifa in 1976. The inscription dates from the 13th century. It reads: ' Ci gist Johan dou Puis sergant dou puissant Roy de France. Proies por l'ame. ' (Here lies Jean Dupuis, sergeant of the mighty King of France. Pray for the soul.) The stone was probably brought from a Crusader cemetery in either Acre or Athlit, when the house in Haifa was built in the twenties of the twentieth century. The tombstone is now in the Haifa City Museum of Ancient Art. (Jerusalem Post, Feb 26, 1976) The name 'mighty king' indicates probably St. Louis, king of France, who was in the Holy Land from 1250 to 1254.

Durandus Bugerii, Templar. He was sent in 1288 by Pope Nicholas IV to bring the pallium to the Holy Land, in order to deliver it to William de Sancto Johanne at his consecration as archbishop of Nazareth. (Prawer J. Crusader Tomb from Acre, Israel Exploration Journal, vol. 24, 1974, p. 248)

Duravelenses, duo monachi: Two monks visited Palestine in the 8th century. (AA.SS. Oct 21)

Dutch Counts (1467). They legated by testament their hearts to be buried in Jerusalem.

Dux Elpidius. Prior to the 11th century the Mountain Quarantine was called Duk or Jebel ad Duk. The byzantine monks called this mountain Douka, because of their leader Dux Elpidius, the monk, who repelled in the 4th century the attacks of the neighbouring Jews of the nearby village Noeron (Noara, Noeros, Noros).

'Dwellers on the sand' is an Ethiopian name for monks. They are saluted by the Ethiopian Synaxarium on the 16th day of the month Sane, which begins on June 5 and ends on July 4.

Studium Biblicum Franciscanum - Jerusalem
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