Pilgrims who visited the Holy Land between the IV and VII century


Panoramic view of Constantinople, now Istanbul (Turkey)
Theodosius' obelisk
in the hippodrome of Constantinople
Apollonius of Thyana, the famous pagan wonderworker

The Text: 4. From Constantinople to Tarsus

    We also travelled (ambulavimus) in the consulate of Dalmatius and Zenophilus [ftn.1], leaving Chalcedonia on the 30th of May, and returned to Constantinople on the 25th of December in the same consulate.

    From Constantinople [pcts.10, 11] you cross the strait [Bosphorus], come to Chalcedonia, and travel through the province of Bithynia.

    Change at Narses - miles vii.
    [572] Halt at Pandicia (Pandik) - miles vii.
    Change at Pontamus - miles xiii.
    Halt at Libyssa - miles ix.

    Here lies King Annibalianus (Hannibal), who was once King of the Africans [ftn.2].

    Change at Brunga - miles xii.
    City of Nicomedia
    (Ismid) - miles xiii.

    Total from Constantinople to Nicomedia 50 miles, 7 changes, 3 halts.

    [573] Change at Egribolum - miles x.
    Halt at Libum - miles xi.
    Change at Liada - miles xii.
    City of Nicia
    (Nicaea, Isnik) - miles ix.
    Change at Schine - miles viii.
    Halt at Midus
    (Moedos) - miles vii.
    Change at Chogea - miles vi.
    Change at Thatesus - miles x.
    Change at Tutadus
    (Tottaion, near Geiveh) - miles ix.
    Change at Protoniaca - miles xi.
    Change at Artemis - miles xii.
    [574] Halt at Dable (Dablis, near Tereklu) - miles vi.
    Halt at Cerate - miles vi.

    Frontier of Bithynia and Galatia.

    Change at the frontier - miles x.
    Halt at Dadartanum
    (Dadastanum) - miles vi.
    Change at Trans Montem - miles vi.
    Change at Milia - miles xi.
    City of Juliopolis
    (near Nalli Khan) - miles viii.
    Change at the river Hycron
    (River Siberis, Ala Dagh Su) - miles xiii.
    Halt at Agannia
    (Lagania) - miles xi.
    Change at Petrobroge
    (Petobroge, Bei Bazar) - miles vi.
    [575] Halt at Mnizos - miles x.
    Change at Prasmon - miles xii.
    Halt at Malogardis
    (Manegordus) - miles ix.
    Change at Lake Cenaxis - miles xiii.
    City of Anchira
    (Ancyra, Ankara) - miles xiii.

    Total from Nicomedia to Ancyra in Galatia 258 miles, 16 changes,112 halts.

    Change at Delemna (Delemnia) - miles x.
    Halt at Curveunta
    (Gorbeous) - miles xi.
    Change at Rosolodiacum
    (Rosolatiacum, Orosologia) - miles xii.
    Change at Aliassus - miles xiii.
    City of Aspona - miles xviii.
    [576] Change at Galea - miles xiii.
    Change at Andrapa - miles ix.

    Frontier of Galatia and Cappadocia.

    Halt at Parnassus - miles xiii.
    Halt at Iogola
    (Ozizala) - miles xvi.
    Halt at Nitalis - miles xviii.
    Change at Argustana - miles xiii.
    City of Colonia
    (Archelais, Ak Serai ?) - miles xvi.
    [577] Change at Momoasson (Mammasun) - miles xii.
    Halt at Anathiango
    (Nazianzus, Nenizi) - miles xii.
    Change at Chusa - miles xii.
    Halt at Sasima
    (Hassa Keui) - miles xii.
    Halt at Andavilis
    (Andaval) - miles xvi.

    Here is the villa of Pampatus, from which come the curule horses [pct.11].

    City of Thyana (Tyana, Kiz Hissan) - miles xviii.

    [578] Here was born Appollonius the magician [pct.12].

    City of Faustinopolis (Pashmakchi) - miles xii.
    Change at Caena - miles xiii.
    Halt at Opodandum
    (Podandus, Bozanti) - miles xii.
    Change at Pylae
    (Ghulek Boghaz,
    Cilician Gates) - miles xiv.

    [579] Frontier of Cappadocia and Cilicia.

    Halt at Mansucrine (Mopsucrene) - miles xii.
    City of
    Tarsus in Cilicia - miles xii.

    Here was born the Apostle Paul ( Acts 21:39) [pct.13].

    Total from Ancyra in Galatia to Tarsus 343 miles, 25 changes, 18 halts. [follows]


1. In the Roman world , years were named after the consuls, high rank officials whose office lasted one year exactly, from January to December. Flavius Dalmatius (half-brother of Emperor Constantine) and Domitius Zenophilus were joint consuls in the year 333 A.D. The pilgrim says he departed from Calcedon on the 30th of May, and returned to Constantinople on the 25th of December; thus we can infer that he was in Jerusalem in the months of August or September of the year 333 A.D. back

2. Hannibal (247-183 B.C.) was a famous leader from Carthage (a Phoenician colony in Tunisia). He conducted three fierce wars against the Romans. After his last defeat he left his home town and ended his life by poisoning himself in Bithynia (Turkey). back

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